The state of Assam has a rich and ancient history. The state has a confluence of people of Indo-Aryan, Austro-Asiatic and Tibetan-Burman origins.
It is said that Assam was known as Pragjyotish-Kamarup at the time of the first millennium and it was divided into small states at the beginning of the second millennium. Whereas later for the next 600 years after the 13th century, the region was established as the Kingdom of Assam (United Sovereign States) under the leadership of the Ahom and Koches empires.
In ancient times, for nearly 700 years, Assam Pragjyotish was under the leadership of three successive dynasties of Kamrup and in the medieval era, Assam was under the leadership of Ahom for almost 600 years, at that time no foreign powers except the Mughals succeeded in invading the Assam Empire. doing.
Despite considerable unsuccessful attempts by the North Indian kingdoms in ancient times, the Mughals invaded Assam a total of 17 times, of which only 1 time they had a small success, in which they ruled a small part of Assam for only 2 years.
In the 17th century, the Mughals were defeated and completely expelled from the Brahmaputra valley. No one failed to take possession of the Assam Empire until the British came.
With the partition and independence of India in 1947, Silihat district was sent to Pakistan (the eastern part of which became Bangladesh). Assam became a constituent state in 1950. In 1961 and 1962, the Chinese Armed Forces disputed the McMahon Line as a border between India and Tibet, taking over the North-Eastern Border Agency (now Arunachal Pradesh but then part of Assam). In December 1962, however, he voluntarily withdrew to Tibet.
In the early 1960s and early 1970s, many of its territories were lost to the new states of Assam, which emerged from their borders. Naga Hills District became the 16th state of India in 1963 by the name of Nagaland. A former regional Tuensang part of the North-East Frontier Agency was also added to Nagaland.
In 1970, in response to the demands of the tribal people of the Meghalaya plateau, the districts embracing the Khasi Hills, Jaintia Hills and Garo Hills were formed into an autonomous state within Assam and in 1972 it became a separate state apart from Meghalaya. In 1972, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram separated from Assam into union territories; Both became states in 1986.
Despite being archaeologically and historically rich, Assam is still unknown territory to the world.
Culture of Assam StateThe culture of the state of Assam is enlightened. It is a place for South Asian and Southeast Asian culture to meet, where the main language is Assamese. The design of Assam's choreography, music, musical instruments, and textiles is also slightly different from that of other states.
Assam State LanguageAssamese is the main language of the people of Assam and in some areas, only the common language is used. The two languages of Assam, Bodo, and Assamese have been called official languages and the Bengali language is used in Barrack Valley.
The local languages of the state mainly include Mishing, Karbi, Dimosa, Garo, Hamar, Bru, Taifake, Tikhamati, etc. and these languages are used by people of the particular cultural group. Whereas educated people mostly use English and Hindi language.
The Bengali language is spoken in many parts of Assam, especially in Guwahati and Silchar, the Bengali community uses the Bengali language only. Also, other Indian languages are also used here like Punjabi, Marwari, Bhojpuri, and Gujarati, etc.
The English language is most commonly used hereafter the Assamese language.
Assam and its surrounding areas are nothing less than a haven for nature lovers and explorers. The region's unique natural beauty is nowhere in Asia.
Assam is one of the richest biodiversity areas in the world and the region also includes tropical rainforests, deciduous forests, river meadows, bamboo orchards, and diverse artland ecosystems, many of the forests here are designated as National Parks and Reserves. Forests are protected by making.
The region is also home to many endangered species of animals, mainly the golden langur, white-winged wood duck, Bengal florican, black-breasted tree boat, dwarf boar, great agitant, hepid rabbit, South African monkey, and swamp francolin Etc. Some of the famous animals of Assam include lion, elephant, hoolock gibbon, Jerdon babbler and etc.
Due to the cultivation of tea, the rural areas of Assam are full of lush, never-ending paddy fields and huge forests. Many rivers have islands on the landscape of Assam and there is a vast sand plain on the banks of the Brahmaputra. The state is surrounded by hills and mountains on all sides.
Mother Nature has given her full blessings to the land of Assam. It is no wonder that the tourism of Assam has increased year after year and is still growing every day. Suhana weather that lasts all year and exciting wildlife in the dense forests give a special benefit to the tourists of Assam.
It is home to the famous one-horned rhinoceros and some other rare species. Hence it is a favorite place for tourists as well as wildlife lovers. Many religious festivals are celebrated throughout the year in Assam and people take part in this festival with great fanfare.